More and more companies are noticing a drop in Instagram engagement, despite the fact that the platform’s growth is accelerating. As soon as brands starting noticing the drop-off and eventually comparing notes with each other, theories emerged as to why certain posts were seemingly being suppressed, and the phenomenon was labeled a shadowban. In fact, the Instagram shadowban started being mentioned on social media in November 2016. By June 2017 it became a much-speculated-about trending topic. Here we look at the what top brands and influencers on Instagram have been able to piece together and the best practices that have emerged to help PR and social media pros keeping building engagement on the platform.

Instagram shadowban

Instagram shadowban doesn’t appear on social media until mid-November 2016, but since late March 2017 has been gaining steam. (Graph from Meltwater Media Intelligence platform.)

It’s important to note that Instagram has never acknowledged an official policy that leads to posts or specific hashtags being “banned.” However, brands and influencers report that their engagement on the platform has decreased over the last six months. As Amanda Casela from ldn rose recently reported, “I noticed that I was getting close to no new followers a day. Previously I would get around 5-8 new followers a day (albeit I would also lose at least 3 a day ha!). The lack of new followers wasn’t too concerning. But, the drop in likes and comments was frustrating.” Taken together, anecdotal evidence points to something going on.

instagram shadowban

First, Some Background Info

In previous posts, we’ve covered hashtag use as a way to extend engagement to audiences that might not be following you. But with the shadowban, it seems like the use of hashtags has led to some posts being suppressed. Hashtags are a search feature and by associating your branded hashtag with a related hashtag (preferably one that’s trending), you’re increasing the chances of your content being found. For instance, someone might type in the associated hashtag into Instagram’s search field. Or they might simply click on the hashtag in a post they’ve come across in the stream. But what if the hashtag you’ve associated yourself to leads to the opposite, and your post fails to show up in search results or public hashtag streams?

So, What’s the Instagram Shadowban?

It isn’t an official term but is being widely bandied about. As Maggie Marton from BlogPaws speculates, “….shadowban waters are pretty muddy. We reached out to Facebook (they own IG) for additional information. One thing we learned is that “shadowban” isn’t an official term at Facebook. It appears to be the pop culture term—along with ghost ban, stealth ban, or shadow ban.”

The shadowban has been associated with the use (or misuse) of hashtags, discovered when users started conducting some experiments. As Moonlit Creatures explains, “I’ve gone through ALL my hashtags and discovered that the #boho hashtag is broken. Using even one broken hashtag will render ALL your other tags useless! I don’t know if just this one thing will fix all my insta problems, but I’m staying optimistic.” In other words, a post with an “offending” hashtag will not show up in searches for any of the other hashtags listed in the post.

As a result of being shadowbanned, only your current followers will see your hashtagged posts as they show up in their stream (and if your followers were to re-gram your images, these images would be subject to the same shadowban). Not only does this limit your engagement with the greater IG community, but it can also lead to a stagnant or even negative growth rate. Obviously, the exact opposite of what we want.

Understanding the shadowban has become an even bigger priority since Instagram now allows stories to be hashtagged to receive additional platform exposure based on these hashtags. It has been speculated that Instagram’s hashtag scrutiny is motivated by their attempt to use hashtags for ad planning, and stop users from getting attention when they use irrelevant hashtags or overload posts with hashtags, thereby making the hashtag taxonomy less effective.

While brands still think of the shadowban as a problem, Instagram has avoided addressing related issues as bugs that need fixing. Instead, the platform has tried to provide guidance on the level of content: “We understand users have experienced issues with our hashtag search that caused posts to not be surfaced. We are continuously working on improvements to our system with the resources available. When developing content, we recommend focusing on your business objective or goal rather than hashtags.”

instagram shadow ban

If You’re Caught in the Net of the Instagram Shadowban, What Should You Do?

Go here to check the posts you think may be affected. Be warned that this is an educated guess as to how the algorithm is identifying posts to shadowban. Another way to check is to log out of your account, search for the hashtags you’ve used in a specific post, and see if that post comes up in the search results. If your images aren’t showing up, posts with this hashtag might be flagged.

instagram shadowban

Then, Grab Strategies for Success from Top Instagram Influencers

  1. Make sure you aren’t using any of IG’s banned hashtags that have been overtaken with spammy posts.
  2. Form an Instagram Pod or Engagement group: A pod is an informal group of like-minded accounts that visit each other’s photos and feed the algorithm by engaging via original comments and likes.
  3. Even if Instagram allows 60 hashtags per post, should you really use that many? Use hashtags sparingly in conjunction with your branded hashtag(s). The Instagram limit per post is 60, but you may want to be more targeted and not come off as spammy with your hashtags.
  4. Don’t buy followers.
  5. Don’t use third-party apps to post photos, especially with hashtags. Revoke account access to any third-party apps you’ve enabled. Instagram isn’t a fan of third-party apps that like, post comments, or post hashtags on your behalf.
  6. Be authentic when you comment on Instagram photos (and do it manually). If you reply on behalf of your brand in a generic or formulaic way, you may be flagged as a bot or deemed to generate irrelevant content.
  7. Change from a business account to a personal account, be advised you’ll lose business capabilities, like insights and a Contact button. Know that Instagram may give you leeway to fly under the radar if you are not seen as being on the platform to generate revenue. Along these lines, unlink your Facebook fan page from your Instagram account.

It’s possible that Instagram will assess the impact on their channel as a whole and decide for themselves whether they will lighten the restriction or worse, increase them. If all this lowered engagement, excuses about resources, and lack of acknowledgment of a ban seems a little too convenient, there is always the option of taking out an ad. As Alexander from the Preview App remarks, “Instagram rolled out its Business Profile features. It wants you to pay THEM to get more engagement.”

To further protect your engagement and monitor the health of your keywords, see a demo of how you can keep track of what matters to you on Instagram.